Digit is the digital dossier for criminal cases, for internal (Judges, Public Prosecutors, Chancellors) and external (Lawyers) users, as the first solution of Enterprise Content Management within the Italian Justice Department. Starting in September 2003, from May 2007 (after the EPSA 2007 diploma) the project was improved to Digit 2.0 – with web conferencing tool, and sharing procedures to reach the goal of realising a fully integrated trial via web for criminal cases, in which judges, public prosecutors, lawyers, detainees and parties can discuss among themselves and share documents via the web, without the ‘costs’ of a physical presence. It is an efficient solution which removes the entry costs for the Freedom of Services inside the European Union.
Now, at the Court of Cremona, each lawyer, expert and interpreter from his European home country can offer his professional services for a case pending in Cremona, without ‘transaction cost’ (physical transfers costs, difficulties of translation, long delays and costs for the delivery of paper materials and so on). Digit 2.0 reduces the delays and the costs of the Italian Justice, while improving quality of judicial cooperation. The videobased trial system was developed using Adobe technology and eliminates physical distance, as well as reducing costs and delays associated with transferring detainees, lawyers, witnesses, judges, and the court chancellor. Web conferencing and collaborative features of the system bring together remote parties securely. Hardware requirements are minimal, necessitating only a computer with broadband internet access and equipped with a webcam and a microphone. The ability to hold a trial with virtual participation of all the parties greatly improves citizen perception of the justice system in Italy. In some validated international cooperation cases (from German, Danish and also Moroccan Authorities) Digit 2.0 allowed the acts and the activity of Italian delegated Judges (questioning of witnesses) to be shared in real time, and delivery of the official dossier (using Qualified Electronic Signature (Q.E.S.) and the Certified Email/Legal mail) the same day to the Requesting Authority. Digit also aims to keep all the documents, at the end of their natural use, only in a digital format. To this end, they use the PDF/A format (ISO 19005 – the specific format for long-term archiving). They have built an efficient system of Digital Document Management within the Italian Justice system, where all stakeholders can share information and documents, criminal digital dossiers of thousands – or millions of pages in a very short time, easily, without relevant costs. They have built this project to reach the ‘Pareto efficiency’ for all their users. They have built something incredible, with a positive return on investments (R.O.I. positive). First electronic court papers, then web conferencing-based court trials give the Italian justice system a new image: fast, efficient, and on time.
Tribunale di Cremona was a finalist at EPSA 2007 (Diploma), and also Finalist at the eGov2009 Award in Sweden. Now they want to show the sustainability and creativity of their innovation. They are convinced that their approach, pursuit of the ‘Pareto efficiency’, method of collaboration between public and private, and their innovative policies of reintroducing the prisoners in the social ‘network’ are very interesting and positive, not only for the Italian judicial system but also in other countries. Digit 2.0 Smart Edition is also the evidence that by following the ‘Swarm’ of Innovation (Swarm Economic Theory), ‘serendipity’ solutions can be found.
|Award category:||smart public service delivery|
|Sector:||Justice, police, human rights and security|
|Type of activity:|
|Keywords:||Smart efficiency, justice online|
|Short English description:||The goal of realising a fully integrated trial via web for criminal cases, in which judges, public prosecutors, lawyers, detainees and parties can discuss among themselves and share documents via the web, without the ‘costs’ of a physical presence.|
|Organisation:||Tribunale di Cremona|
|Homepage:||http://www.tribunaledicremona.it; https://acrobat.com; https://sendnow.acrobat.com; http://www.adobe.com/products/livecycle|
|Level of government:||local level|
|Size of organisation:||50-100|
|Number of people involved:||>15|
|EU membership:||EU member|